This five-part BBC drama presents an intimate portrayal of the tragically short life of Anne Frank and her family. Anne's diary was first published over fifty years ago and is the very moving account of a young girl in hiding from the Nazis during the years from 1942 to 1944.
Fritz Pfeffer was born on April 30 1889 in Giessen, Germany. He was given the rather unflattering name Albert Dussel by Anne, which translates as 'idiot.'
Before the Secret Annex
Fritz (Albert) was a dentist in Berlin and married Vera Bythiner in 1921. They had one son together called Werner. The marriage ended in divorce in 1933 and Fritz gained custody of Werner.
He then met Charlotte Kaletta, a Catholic, who was also divorced with a son. Due to the Nürnberg Laws which prevented Jews and non-Jews from marrying, it was impossible for them to wed. Following increased violence against Jews in Germany in 1938, Werner was sent to England as a refugee and Fritz and Charlotte fled to Holland.
Fritz was Miep's dentist and when it became clear that it was no longer safe in Nazi-occupied Holland, he asked her if she knew of a safe hiding place. Fritz joined the other occupants of the Secret Annex on 16 November 1942.
During the Secret Annex
Although Anne was initially positive that someone else had joined the Secret Annex, she was made to share her bedroom with Fritz - something which caused her annoyance, particularly having to share her writing desk.
Miep acted as a courier between Fritz and Charlotte during his time in hiding - they would send letters and packages to each other, but Miep never revealed to Charlotte that she knew where Fritz was.
After the Secret Annex
In August 1944, Fritz was arrested when the Secret Annex was raided by the security police. He was transferred with the others to Westerbork camp and on to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
From here he was deported to Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg and died on 20 December 1944.
Charlotte Kaletta married Fritz Pfeffer posthumously on 9 April 1953. His son, Werner, survived the war in England and emigrated to the United States in 1947.
Albert Dussel Photos
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