76 (passed away Mar. 14th, 2018)
Jan. 8th, 1942
Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK
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Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 (300 years after the death of Galileo) in Oxford, England. His parents' house was in north London, but during the second world war, Oxford was considered a safer place to have babies. When he was eight, his family moved to St. Albans, a town about 20 miles north of London. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to St. Albans School and then on to University College, Oxford; his father's old college. Stephen wanted to study Mathematics, although his father would have preferred medicine. Mathematics was not available at University College, so he pursued Physics instead. After three years and not very much work, he was awarded a first class honours degree in Natural Science. Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology, there being no one working in that area in Oxford at the time. His supervisor was Denis Sciama, although he had hoped to get Fred Hoyle who was working in Cambridge. After gaining his Ph.D. he became first a Research Fellow and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973, Stephen came to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics in 1979, and held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1979 until 2009. The chair was founded in 1663 with money left in the will of the Reverend Henry Lucas who had been the Member of Parliament for the University. It was first held by Isaac Barrow and then in 1669 by Isaac Newton. He is currently the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology, at DAMTP in Cambridge.
Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated that it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but rather should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.
Professor Hawking has twelve honorary degrees. He was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a Companion of Honour in 1989. He is the recipient of many awards, medals and prizes, is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences.
Stephen Hawking continues to combine family life (he has three children and three grandchildren), and his research into theoretical physics together with an extensive programme of travel and public lectures.
- Was made a Companion of Honour in 1989.
- Is a fan of the television show _"Red Dwarf" (1988)_ (qv).
- The only person ever to play himself in any Star Trek film or series.
- (1978) Received an honorary BA degree from Oxford University, and a PhD from Cambridge, (1981), Notre Dame (1982) and New York University(1982).
- He and his first wife, Jane Wilde, had three children: Robert (b. 1967), Lucy (b. 1969), and Timothy (b. 1979).
- Acquired (the incurable) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) (also known as 'Lou Gehrig' (qv)'s Disease) in the early 1960s. Can now barely move or talk...but can yet think. And humankind continues as beneficiary of this man's brilliance.
- (1981) Decorated Commander of the British Empire
- Was born exactly 300 years after the death of Galileo.
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