Dec. 8th, 1930
Maximilian Schell's Main TV Roles
Main Movie Roles2008 - The Brothers Bloom
1998 - Vampires
1998 - Deep Impact
1994 - Little Odessa
1993 - A Far Off Place
1990 - The Freshman
1984 - Marlene
1983 - Les îles
1979 - Avalanche Express
1979 - The Black Hole
1977 - A Bridge Too Far
1977 - Julia
1977 - Cross of Iron
1976 - St. Ives
1974 - The Odessa File
1972 - Pope Joan
1966 - The Deadly Affair
1964 - Topkapi
1961 - Judgment at Nuremberg
1958 - The Young Lions
Guest TV Roles
Maximilian Schell is the most successful German-speaking actor in English-language films since Emil Jannings, the winner of the first Best Actor Academy Award. Like Jannings, Schell won the Oscar, but unlike him, he is a dedicated anti-Nazi. Indeed, with the exception of Maurice Chevalier (I) and Marcello Mastroianni, Schell is undoubtedly the most successful non-anglophone foreign actor in the history of American cinema.
Schell was born in Vienna, Austria on December 8, 1930, but raised in in Zurich, Switzerland. (Austria became part of Germany after the anschluss of 1938), then was occupied by the allies from 1945 until 1955, when it again joined the family of nations.) He learned his craft on the stage beginning in 1952, and made his reputation with appearances in German-language films and television. He is a fine Shakespearian actor, and had a huge success with "Richard III" (he has also appeared in as the eponymous prince in a German-language version of "Hamlet").
Schell made his Hollywood debut in 1958 in the World War II film The Young Lions (1958) quite by accident, as the producers had wanted to hire his sister Maria Schell (I), but lines of communication got crossed, and he was the one hired. He impressed American producers as his turn as the friend of German soldier Marlon Brando, and subsequently assayed the role of the German defense attorney in the television drama Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) on "Playhouse 90" in 1959. He was also cast in the big screen remake, for which he won the 1961 Academy Award for Best Actor, beating out co-star Spencer Tracy for the Oscar. He also won a Golden Globe and the New York Film Critics Circle Award for the role. Schell ultimately won two more Oscar nominations for acting, in 1976 for Best Actor for The Man in the Glass Booth (1975) and in 1978 as Best Supporting Actor for Julia (1977) (which also brought him the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor). He has twice been nominated for an Emmy for his TV work, and won the 1993 Golden Globe for best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a series, mini-series or made-for-TV movie for Stalin (1992) (TV).
Schell has also has directed films, and his 1974 film Der Fußgänger (1973) ("The Pedestrian"), which Schell wrote, produced, directed, and starred in, was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar and won the Golden Globe in the same category. His documentary about Marlene Dietrich, Marlene (1984), was widely hailed as a masterpiece of the non-fiction genre and garnered its producers a Best Documentary Oscar nomination in 1985. In 2002, Schell released Meine Schwester Maria (2002) (My Sister Maria), a documentary about the career of and his relationship with Maria Schell (I). Since the 1990s, Schell has appeared in many German language made-for-TV films, such as the 2003 film Alles Glück dieser Erde (2003) (TV) (All the Luck in the World) and in the mini-series The Return of the Dancing Master (2004) (TV), which was based on Henning Mankell's novel. He has also continued to appear on stage, appearing in dual roles in the 2000 Broadway production of the stage version of "Judgment at Nuremberg", and most recently in Robert Altman (I)'s London production of Arthur Miller (I)'s play "Resurrection Blues" in 2006.
- Son of actress 'Margarete Schell Noé' (qv).
- In later life he began directing operatic productions. His first foray in the musical medium was a Swiss production of Verdi's "La Traviata." This passion was triggered when he was performing in the play "Jedermann" (or "Everyman") in Salzburg, Austria from 1978-1982, and he came into contact with several musical conductors including 'Leonard Bernstein' (qv), 'James S. Levine' (qv) and 'Claudio Abbado' (qv).
- Father of 'Nastassja Schell' (qv) (born in 1989).
- (August 2000) He collapsed at The Baltic Pearl Film festival in Latvia and has been diagnosed as suffering from acute pancreatitis which is related to his diabetes. (August 2000) Received "Actor of the Millennium" award at the The Baltic Pearl Film festival in Latvia.
- A part-time director, his compelling documentary _Marlene (1984)_ (qv) was nominated for an Oscar in 1985 and his last film _Meine Schwester Maria (2002)_ (qv) [My Sister Maria] chronicled the life, career and eventual diminished capacity of his noted actress sister 'Maria Schell (I)' (qv).
- He was the first actor to win an Oscar (for _Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)_ (qv)) for a role he originally performed on television (in a 1959 episode of _"Playhouse 90" (1956)_ (qv)). The only other actor to accomplish that feat was 'Cliff Robertson (I)' (qv), who won an Oscar for _Charly (1968)_ (qv) after first playing the role in "The Two Worlds of Charlie Gordon" on _"The United States Steel Hour" (1953)_ (qv).
- In 1990, he refused to receive the Honorary German Film Award because he felt too young to be awarded with an award for lifetime achievement.
- Appeared in the Old Vic's early 2006 production of the 'Arthur Miller (I)' (qv) play "Resurrection Blues", which was directed by 'Robert Altman (I)' (qv) in his London theatrical debut, The play was widely panned by critics, partly due to the divergent acting styles of the eclectic cast assembled by Altman, which included the urbane Englishman 'James Fox (I)' (qv) playing the intellectual cousin of Schell's Germanic dictator.
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