47 (passed away Jun. 22nd, 1969)
Jun. 10th, 1922
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA
4' 11 1/2
Judy Garland's Main TV Roles
Main Movie Roles
Guest TV Roles[none found]
She immediately attracted attention in such films as Pigskin Parade (1936), Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938) and Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937), but Judy Garland didn't truly become a star until she was cast in The Wizard of Oz (1939). Her performance as Dorothy won her a special Juvenile Oscar, and it was this role, of course, that gave her her most famous song, "Over the Rainbow." She then appeared in a long string of classic MGM musicals, including Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), Easter Parade (1948) and several with her friend, Mickey Rooney (I). Unfortunately, the same studio that made her a star unwittingly made her a drug addict, providing her with amphetamines to keep her energy level high and her weight level down. This in turn kept her wide awake at night, unable to sleep, so she was given barbiturates to help her sleep. She soon couldn't live without these "wonder drugs." She also couldn't seem to live without a man, as she went through several affairs, often with older men, and by 1950 had been married twice, to bandleader David Rose (I) and director Vincente Minnelli. She had a daughter, Liza Minnelli, with Vincente. All during this time her drug intake had increased dramatically, which led to increasingly erratic behavior and she often failed to show up on time at the studio. MGM eventually couldn't take it any more, and her contract was terminated in 1950. She divorced Minnelli the following year and married producer Sidney Luft. Luft, the father of her daughter Lorna Luft and son Joey Luft, took it upon himself to orchestrate her comeback with a series of very successful concert tours. He also produced the film A Star Is Born (1954), in which many feel she gave her greatest performance. By now she was concentrating on her career as a singer, which was winning her more legions of fans. She continued touring throughout the 1950s and 1960s, appearing in three more films and starring in her own television variety show in 1963, which had to be canceled after one season because the competition, "Bonanza" (1959), was too strong. She divorced Luft and married actor Mark Herron (I); she divorced him when she found out he was gay, and married disco manager Mickey Deans. Throughout this time, however, she still continued her dependency on prescription drugs, and finally the inevitable happened: on the night of June 22, 1969, she overdosed on barbiturates and died. Thousands mourned the world over. It was a sad way to end, but she has left a great legacy: her many films and recordings, as well as her children. Liza and Lorna are now singers as well, carrying on the family tradition.
- Originally screen-tested and signed to play the main supporting role of Helen Lawson, in _Valley of the Dolls (1967)_ (qv). The studio even provided her with a pool table in her dressing room at her request. Eventually she backed out of the film and was ultimately replaced by 'Susan Hayward (I)' (qv). She kept her costume when she walked off the film, and proceeded to wear the sequined pantsuit while performing in concerts around the world. The character of Neely O'Hara in the film was partially based on her own history (with pills, alcohol, and failed marriages). Sadly, it was Garland's real-life pill addiction that contributed to her leaving this film.
- Was a member of The International Order of Job's Daughters.
- Was pregnant with her first child 'Liza Minnelli' (qv) while filming her minor role in _Till the Clouds Roll By (1946)_ (qv). In order to hide her pregnant stomach she was hidden behind stacks of dishes while singing "Look For The Silver Lining". She had also recorded a song "Do You Love Me", which was cut before release. Her scenes were directed by her then husband 'Vincente Minnelli' (qv).
- 1998: Garland's album, "Judy at Carnegie Hall" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
- There is surviving footage of Garland performing the lead role of Annie Oakley in _Annie Get Your Gun (1950)_ (qv) before she was replaced by 'Betty Hutton (I)' (qv), and this has been included in many documentaries. Undoubtedly, the best is _That's Entertainment! III (1994)_ (qv), which for the first time assembled raw unedited footage for two musical numbers and presented them as they would have looked had the film been completed with Garland. Also surviving today are Garland's prerecordings of all songs for the production.
- The day she died, there was a tornado in Kansas.
- As a teenager on the MGM lots, she was good friends with 'Lana Turner' (qv) and 'Ann Rutherford (I)' (qv).
- Did not attend the 1955 Academy Awards, where she was nominated as Best Actress for her portrayal of Vicki Lester in _A Star Is Born (1954)_ (qv), because she was in hospital after giving birth to her third child and only son 'Joey Luft' (qv).