83 (passed away Feb. 2nd, 1996)
Aug. 23rd, 1912
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Gene Kelly's Main TV Roles
Main Movie Roles
Guest TV Roles[none found]
M-G-M was the largest and most powerful studio in Hollywood when Gene Kelly arrived in town in 1941. He came direct from the hit 1940 original Broadway production of "Pal Joey" and planned to return to the Broadway stage after making the one film required by his contract. His first picture for M-G-M was For Me and My Gal (1942) with Judy Garland (I). What kept Kelly in Hollywood were "the kindred creative spirits" he found behind the scenes at M-G-M. The talent pool was especially large during World War II, when Hollywood was a refuge for many musicians and others in the performing arts of Europe who were forced to flee the Nazis. After the war, a new generation was coming of age. Those who saw An American in Paris (1951) would try to make real life as romantic as the reel life they saw portrayed in that musical, and the first time they saw Paris, they were seeing again in memory the seventeen-minute ballet sequence set to the title song written by George Gershwin and choreographed by Kelly. The sequence cost a half million dollars (U.S.) to make in 1951 dollars. Another Kelly musical of the era, Singin' in the Rain (1952), was one of the first 25 films selected by the Library of Congress for its National Film Registry. Kelly was in the same league as Fred Astaire, but instead of a top hat and tails Kelly wore work clothes that went with his masculine, athletic dance style.
- "Singin' in the Rain" was awarded the 'Laurence Olivier' (qv) Theatre Award in 2001 for Outstanding Musical Production, with choreography by Kelly.
- Biography in: "American National Biography". Supplement 1, pp. 309-312. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
- Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume Two, 1945-1985". Pages 510-515. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1988.
- He was awarded the National Medal of Freedom from President 'Bill Clinton (I)' (qv) in 1994.
- He and MGM studio head Louis B Mayer shared a long standing feud stemming from even before Kelly entered the motion picture business. One evening after seeing Gene perform in Pal Joey on Broadway, Mayer met Kelly backstage and offered to sign him to MGM without a screen test. When Kelly later received a call from a MGM representative requesting a screen test he insisted there was some sort of mistake saying he had Mayer's word he did not have to make one and told the rep to ask Mayer himself. When the rep did, he called back days later stating that he did talk to Mayer and that he still had to make a test. Gene was furious and wrote a scathing letter to Mayer for retracting his promise. For the first couple of years he worked for Mayer, Kelly was uncertain that Mayer even read the letter until Louis brought it up in an argument one evening.
- Had a fever of 103 degrees while filming the famous rain scene in Singing In The Rain.
- His last movie musical was _Xanadu (1980)_ (qv) co-starring 'Olivia Newton-John' (qv).
- He was voted the 42nd Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.