93 (passed away Jun. 7th, 2015)
May. 27th, 1922
Belgravia, London, England, UK
Guest TV Roles
Lucas de Beaumanoir
Rodin the Gardener
King Vladimir V
Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee CBE (May 27, 1922 ~ June 7, 2015) was an English actor, singer, author, and World War II veteran. With a career spanning nearly 70 years, Lee initially portrayed villains and became best known for his role as Count Dracula in a sequence of Hammer Horror films. His other film roles include Francisco Scaramanga in the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), Saruman in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and The Hobbit film trilogy (2012–2014), and Count Dooku in the final two films of the Star Wars prequel trilogy (2002 and 2005).
Lee was knighted for services to drama and charity in 2009, received the BAFTA Fellowship in 2011 and received the BFI Fellowship in 2013. Lee considered his best performance to be that of Pakistan's founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the biopic Jinnah (1998), and his best film to be the British horror film The Wicker Man (1973). He frequently appeared opposite Peter Cushing in Hammer Horror films, and late in his career had roles in six Tim Burton films.
Always noted as an actor for his deep strong voice, Lee was also known for his singing ability, recording various opera and musical pieces between 1986 and 1998 and the symphonic metal album Charlemagne: By the Sword and the Cross in 2010 after having worked with several metal bands since 2005. The heavy metal follow-up titled Charlemagne: The Omens of Death was released on 27 May 2013. He was honoured with the "Spirit of Metal" award at the 2010 Metal Hammer Golden God awards ceremony.
Lee had numerous parts in film and television throughout the 1950s but didn't achieve stardom until his association with Hammer Film Productions, which started with The Curse of Frankenstein (1957), Dracula (1958), The Mummy (1959), and The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959), all co-starring 'Peter Cushing'. Lee continued his role as "Dracula" in a number of Hammer sequels throughout the 1960s and into the early 1970s. During this time, he made numerous appearances as Fu Manchu, most notably in the first of the series The Face of Fu Manchu (1965), and also appeared in a number of films in Europe. With his own production company, Charlemagne Productions, Ltd., Lee made Nothing But the Night (1973) and To the Devil a Daughter (1976). By the mid-1970s, Lee was tiring of his horror image and tried to widen his appeal by participating in several mainstream films, such as The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970), The Three Musketeers (1973), The Four Musketeers (1974), and the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun (1974).
The success of these films prompted him in the late 1970s to move to Hollywood, where he remained a busy actor but made mostly unremarkable film and television appearances, and eventually moved back to England. Lee's career was revitalized in the early 2000s by his appearances in two blockbuster film franchises: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) (as Saruman the White) and Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones (2002) (as Count Dooku). In 2001, he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in recognition of his contributions to the film and television industries.
Lee was introduced to Danish painter and former model Birgit "Gitte" Krøncke by a Danish friend and his wife in 1960. They were engaged soon after and married on 17 March 1961. They had a daughter, Christina Erika Carandini Lee (b. 1963), who married Juan Francisco Aneiros Rodriguez in July 2001. Lee was also the uncle of the British actress Dame Harriet Walter. Both Lee and his daughter Christina provided spoken vocals on Rhapsody of Fire's album From Chaos to Eternity.
Lee died at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital (June 7, 2015) at 8:30 am after being admitted for respiratory problems and heart failure, shortly after celebrating his 93rd birthday there. His wife delayed the public announcement until June 11, 2015 in order to break the news to their family.
- Turned down 'Donald Pleasence' (qv)'s role in _Halloween (1978)_ (qv). (He later remarked that this was his biggest mistake.)
- He has one child, Christina Erika Lee (b. November 23rd 1963) with his wife Birgit Kroencke Lee ('Gitte Lee' (qv)).
- Two of his roles have been as leaders of a separatist movement. The first was _Jinnah (1998)_ (qv), about 'Mohammad Ali Jinnah' (qv), founder of Pakistan. The second was in the "Star Wars" series as Count Dooku, the former mentor of Qui-Gon Jinn.
- His films have made more money than any other actor's in history. As of May 2006, five of his films ('The Lord Of The Rings" trilogy and the two "Star Wars" films in which he played Count Dooku) had total grosses in excess of $4.4 billion. Even without considering Lee's other appearances dating back to 1948, his totals considerably surpass the figures of #3 billion and #3.8 billion claimed by 'Harrison Ford (I)' (qv) and 'Samuel L. Jackson' (qv), respectively.
- Along with 'Patrick Macnee' (qv) and 'Jean Simmons (I)' (qv), he is one of only three surviving cast members of Sir 'Laurence Olivier' (qv)'s _Hamlet (1948)_ (qv).
- In 2008. he received a lifetime achievement award at Pula Film Festival (Croatia).
- Although he and 'Peter Cushing' (qv) were often mortal enemies on-screen, off screen they were inseparable friends.
- Was upset about the deletion of his death scene in the theatrical version of _The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)_ (qv). However, the scene was put back into the Extended Edition which is seen as the definitive version.